In the last post, I addressed the emotional and spiritual health of a pastor from the perspective of church history. From that, I hope you gained some insight on the importance on pastoral soul care for Baxter and Spurgeon, Rutherford and Calvin.
But we live in different times, now. In this post, I intend to be descriptive, and in the next I’ll be a bit more prescriptive. For some, you’ll notice yourself in some of these descriptions. If so, stay tuned for the next post.
Researchers on pastoral health and well-being note the significant cultural shifts that impact pastors. And these shifts make it more difficult, I believe, for pastors to self-reflect, and to honestly answer that important question: How are you?
Let’s look at just two of these developments (and there are many, many others):
1. The professionalization of the pastoral office – notions of “success” and “performance” are quite different today. Now I’m, by no means, fearful of well-motivated striving for success, but most pastors will never perceive themselves as a success…which may be the bigger issue. Most young pastors will leave the ministry within 5 years, in large part, because they’re exhausted, feel incompetent, or lack the support, resources, or proper training to succeed. (As an aside, this is why Scot Sherman and I started Newbigin House). Success is not the problem, but couched within consumer culture, pastors are inclined to believe (as most of us do) that success is graphed “up and to the right.” In fact, I think pastors in previous generations knew well that the pastoral road was long and winding, with high high’s and low low’s, wrought with failures along the way. Or, as a favorite writer of mine might say, it is a journey of “falling upward.”
2. Shifts in models of training – Today, many young pastors are forfeiting seminary training for experience, often alongside another more experienced pastor. I get it. Many seminaries appear irrelevant. Many seminary professors lack real church experience. Many programs lack a vision for formation and mission while firmly rooted in theological convictions. (I’d argue this one – among others – doesn’t). In many seminaries (which lack adequate funding), everyone gets admitted. Few have a definite call and a sending church. And the coursework privileges facts over formation. In my own research, seminary graduates felt like they were prepared to pass an ordination exam, but under-prepared in both context and character. I often see two kinds of pastors today – those who didn’t get seminary training but have some natural leadership and ministry skills, but without theological training fall victim to pragmatic, technique-driven pastoring. Or, those with seminary training who lack the requisite contextual and personal shaping which comes from being in the trenches. (And both tend to be cynical of the other). Yet, the research shows that both don’t have a great chance for longevity in ministry.
Now, you’ve heard the statistics, I’m sure.
* 90% of the pastors report working between 55 to 75 hours per week. (Most pastors don’t feel compensated adequately for the work they put in).
* 80% believe pastoral ministry has negatively affected their families. Many pastor’s children do not attend church now because of what the church has done to their parents.
* 33% state that being in the ministry is an outright hazard to their family.
* 75% report significant stress-related crisis at least once in their ministry.
* 90% feel they are inadequately trained to cope with the ministry demands.
* 50% feel unable to meet the demands of the job.
* 70% say they have a lower self-image now than when they first started.
* 70% do not have someone they consider a close friend.
* 40% report serious conflict with a parishioner at least once a month.
* 33% confess having involved in inappropriate sexual behavior with someone in the church .
* 50% have considered leaving the ministry in the last months.
* 50% of the ministers starting out will not last 5 years.
* 1 out of every 10 ministers will actually retire as a minister in some form.
And then there are the physical and emotional symptoms researchers find:
* Unusual mood swings that may include weeping without just cause, anger, or depression
* Feelings of incompetence and powerlessness
* Panic and feeling totally overwhelmed
* Avoidance strategies (addictions, fantastizing, lying, comfort foods, drinking too much, hiding in books and work)
* Fight-or-flight cycles where you rise up to intimidate and conquer others or run away from difficulties just to avoid them
* Insomnia, including difficulty falling asleep or remaining asleep, which can lead to a reliance on sleeping pills
* Stomach and bowel issues
My own dissertation research confirmed this. In fact, my own story confirms it. Despite getting counseling, being trained as a therapist, and having good mentors, my own ministry career is one filled with up’s and down’s. I’ve had many successes in pastoral ministry, as a therapist, and as a seminary professor. But when I don’t look after my own soul, watch out. I’ve found myself at various times depressed, and at others angry and reactive. I can become shamelessly judgmental. Or, I can take my feelings underground in an array of addictive ways.
Like you, I’d like to define myself by my achievements. I’d like to edit out the shameful parts. But as we’ll see in the next post, it’s precisely when we befriend that often dark and shameful ‘other side’ of ourselves that we find grace and rest. This, in fact, is exactly why Calvin began his Institutes by hailing self-knowledge. Our humiliation is, in fact, the pathway to exaltation.
(Stats from Barna and Pastoral Care, Inc)